WDO RULES 2021
1.1 Registration of Competitors with the WDO is free for 2020 and 2021.
1.2 All competitors must register with the WDO in order to dance in any WDO event/s or Championship/s.
1.3 All members of Formation Teams entering any WDO World Championships or event/s must be members of the WDO.
1.4 Each Competitor must register as an individual and ensure that their partner is also registered. Registration of one partner in a couple does not register the couple.
1.5 Registration with the WDO will be from January 1st to December 31st of each year.
2.1 Only WDO members, who have paid all applicable fees, are allowed to apply and organise WDO World Championships, World Ranking Competitions and WDO Events.
2.2 Organisers will not be granted a World Title for 2 consecutive years if there are other applications for the same Title.
2.3 If there are no other title applications, the same organiser can be granted the same title for continuous years.
3. National Organisations.
Organisers may seek recognition and support of their national organisations. WDO is interested in constructive relationships, which would ensure harmony between WDO and national organisations.
4. Open Status of WDO World Championships and Events.
All competitors can participate. WDO World Championships will be open for all dancers and has no restrictions of the number of entries from each country.
5. Styles & Order of Dances.
Waltz, Tango, Viennese Waltz, Slow Foxtrot, Quickstep.
5.2 Figures to be danced in the Viennese Waltz:
Change step danced forward or backward
The Reverse and Natural Fleckerl
Contra Check (1 bar)
Cha Cha Cha, Samba, Rumba, Paso Doble, Jive.
5.4 Ten Dance:
Waltz, Tango, Viennese Waltz, Slow Foxtrot, Quickstep, Cha Cha Cha, Samba, Rumba, Paso Doble, Jive.
PENDING A WRITTEN RESOLUTION:
5.5 All World Championships (except Juvenile World Championships) will be 5 dances from the First Round and Ten Dance World Championships will be 10 Dances from the first round.
5.5.1 Juvenile World Championships may be 4 dances in ballroom or Latin and 8 dances instead of 10 dances. Each round of the World Championships shall have the same dances.
5.5.2 The organiser must state which dances are to be used for Juvenile World Championships in each style once the allocation of the Championships have been approved.
5.6 American Smooth:
Waltz, Tango, Slow Foxtrot, Viennese Waltz
5.7 American Rhythm:
Cha Cha, Rumba, Swing, Balero, Mambo
6. Tempos and Recommended length of music.
6.1 Tempos and Length of Music: BALLROOM
6.2 Tempos and Length of Music: LATIN
6.3 Tempos and Length of Music: AMERICAN SMOOTH
6.4 Tempos and Length of Music: AMERICAN RHYTHM
AMERICAN RHYTHM SYLLABUS:
Please see Appendix C
7. Age Categories.
7.1 Age categories are determined by the date of birth.
7.2 Juveniles I- Under 8
7.2.1 Juveniles II - Under 10
7.2.2 Juveniles III - Under 12
7.3 Junior I Under 14
7.3.1 Junior II Under 16
7.4 Juvenile I, Juvenile II, Junior I, Junior II can additionally dance one age category above theirs.
7.5 Youth I Under 19
7.5.1 Youth II Under 21
7.6 Youth I and Youth II are allowed to dance in the Amateur Category.
7.7 The above are only allowed to dance in their own age category if the events have combined age categories; Juvenile I+II (8-11 years of age), Junior I+II (12-15 years of age), Youth I+II (16-20 years of age).
8. Amateur - Over 16
9. Professional – Over 16
10. Senior I - Over 35
10.1 Senior II - Over 45
10.2 Senior III - Over 55
10.3 Senior IV – Over 65
10.4 Seniors can also dance one age category below theirs.
11. Student/Teacher and Amateur/Professional J - Under 16
11.1 Student/Teacher and Amateur/Professional A - 16 to 35
11.2 Student/Teacher and Amateur/Professional B - 36 to 50
11.3 Student/Teacher and Amateur/Professional C - 50 +
11.4 Student/Teacher and Amateur/Professional S1- 61+
11.5 Student/Teacher and Amateur/Professional S2 -71+
11.6 Student and Amateur in Student/Teacher and Amateur/Professional categories can dance in the category below theirs but cannot dance in the category above theirs.
12. Definition of a Student/Teacher and Amateur/Professional.
12.1 Student; (In the Student/Teacher Category)
A dancer who dances with a Teacher that is a registered Amateur dancer.
12.2 Amateur; (In the Amateur/Professional Category)
A dancer (with no professional qualifications) who dances with a registered Professional dancer.
12.3 Professional; (In the Amateur/Professional Category)
A Professional dancer must have declared they are Professional.
13. WDO will grant World Championships in the above Categories except:
Juveniles I Under 8, Student/Teacher, and Amateur/Professional Under 16.
14. Age Category Complaints.
If the organiser receives a complaint concerning a dancer competing in the wrong age category, that dancer can be asked for their passport as proof of age.
15. Additional Age Categories.
The WDO Board of Directors may, at its discretion, grant Championships for any new or different age groupings or for split age groups without the need for further age classification rule changes. Fees to be determined by the WDO Board of Directors.
16. Showdance Rules.
In Ballroom Show Dance events the dances must be selected from one up to all of the five regular Ballroom dances, and in the Latin American Show Dance events from one up to all of the five regular Latin-American competition dances. It is the duty of the Adjudicators to assess the Character of each style as part of their assessment.
Dancers must perform the same show and choreography throughout the rehearsal and the competition.
The time of the show must be up to a maximum of 4 minutes. The time limit
must not be exceeded under any circumstances. The time limit is to include walk on and exit from the floor.
Exceeding the time limit leads to direct disqualification.
In addition (for information only):
The time limit is to include walk on and final exit from the floor and audience applause whilst the couple is on the floor.
Three lifts are permitted for the whole performance. These can be performed anywhere in the show.
The invitation for a Show Dance Competition must advise the couples of possible sound carriers. The sound carriers for a Show Dance Competition will always be:
16.4.1 Compact Disc.
16.4.2 mp3 Player/ iPod/ iPad.
16.4.3 USB Audio media.
16.5 The Competition
Conditions including lighting must be the same for all couples throughout the show including entrance and exit. Preceding every Show Dance Competition there must be an official rehearsal, where all the couples have a reasonable time to test their show on the actual floor, where the competition is taking place. To attend the rehearsal is an obligation for all couples and the chairman of adjudicators.
No props are permitted during entrance, performance and exit.
Please note that for the purposes of this rule a ‘prop’ is defined as any item that is not part of the couples costume. Therefore no item may be discarded by the couple at any time.
16.7 Order of Dancing
Order of dancing shall be drawn by ballot, at which all the competitors or chosen representatives have a right to be present.
16.8 Time between Rounds
There is to be a minimum of 30 minutes between each round of a Show Dance.
16.9 Marking system
The normal system of marking will be applied. (i.e. In the Final the adjudicators will place the couples in order of merit).
17. Chairman of Adjudicators
In all cases the decision of the Chairman of Adjudicators is final.
Additional duties of the Chairman in Showdance events (for information only)
17.1. The Chairman will hold a meeting with all couples present to remind the couples of the rules of the Showdance event with particular reference to time limits, lifts and Props.
17.2. The Chairman will hold a meeting with all Adjudicators prior to the start of the event to inform them of their duties to ensure that the performances meet the requirements of the style of dance.
17.3. The Chairman must inform:
17.3.1 The Adjudicators
17.3.2 The relevant couples of any disqualification immediately following the round being completed with the reason for disqualification.
18. Formation Rules.
18.1 Juveniles, Juniors & Adults
18.2 WDO Registration:
All members of Formation teams entering WDO Formation Championships must be registered license holders of the WDO.
18.3 Definition of Formation:
Ballroom Teams may base their routines on;
Waltz, Tango, Foxtrot, Quickstep and Viennese Waltz
(An optional maximum of 16 bars based on any dance including Latin is allowed)
Latin Teams may base their routines on;
Cha Cha, Samba, Rumba, Paso-Doble and Jive
(An optional maximum of 16 bars based on any dance other Latin rhythm is allowed)
18.4 Formation Championships:
Championships are granted as follows:
18.4.3 Ballroom and Latin (Open to Both Ballroom And Latin Teams)
In each division, there are two sections:
Four couple teams
Six, Seven or Eight couple teams
18.6 Conditions of Formation Championships:
18.6.1 Solo work
Ballroom; In the Ballroom category is restricted to eight bars in any one dance and a maximum of 24 bars over the whole presentation.
Latin; This rules does not apply as solo work is normally a part of Latin dancing.
At any time in a Championship team members may be replaced by reserves.
The only dress permissible is that normally associated with present day competition dancing.
(Please refer to WDO Costume Rules.)
No change in costume is allowed during the routine.
No properties (Props) are allowed
a.) Lifts are not permitted in the Juvenile or Junior Categories.
b.) In the Adult Categories a maximum of three lifts are allowed during the whole performance, which includes the entry and exits.
18.7 Time Limits;
5 Minutes (including Entry & Exit - with & without Music).
No more than 4 Minutes will be judged.
18.7.2 Juniors/Adults Teams;
6 Minutes (including Entry & Exit -with & without music)
No more than 4.5 Minutes will be judged.
18.7.3 Entry & Exits must be clearly identified (beginning & end) with a space or gong.
18.7.4 Teams not complying with these rules and time limits render themselves liable to disqualification.
18.8 Age Categories/Divisions:
18.8.1 Junior Teams
18.8.2 A child may dance in a Junior formation team event up to August 31st even if their 16th birthday falls from the 1st September the previous year.
18.8.3 If a Junior dances in any Adult Formation competition / championship they are no longer eligible to dance in a Junior Formation team.
18.8.3 Juvenile Teams:
18.8.4 A child may dance in a Juvenile formation event up to August 31st even if their 12th birthday falls from the 1st September the previous year.
18.8.5 If a Juvenile dances in any Junior Formation competition /championship they are no longer eligible to dance in a Juvenile Formation team.
Adult Competitions are confined to Adult teams only.
Junior Competitions are confined to Junior teams.
Juvenile Competitions are confined to Juvenile teams.
19. Formation Adjudicators;
19.1 Formation Championships must have x9 Adjudicators.
19.2 All adjudicators must hold a WDO license to adjudicate a Formation Competition/Championship.
20. Performance Order;
The order of dancing for each round will be determined by draw, under the supervision of the chairperson of adjudicators, or his designated representative.
21.1 Whenever possible adequate arrangements should be made for Team rehearsals.
21.2 Equal amount of time must be allocated to each team in the ballroom with music.
21.3 The Chairperson must attend rehearsals and warn any team infringing the rules.
Once warned, a team may be disqualified if they continue to infringe upon the rules.
21.4 Disqualification would be by the chairman, after consultation with the adjudicators and organiser.
22.1 When there are more than six teams in a championship a second round must be held.
22.2 In each round of the competition, no more than 50% of the teams should be eliminated for the next round.
22.3 No more than eight teams should participate in the final round.
22.4 If the Chairperson calls for the appropriate number of recalls and the marks do not allow for the correct number of teams to be advanced, then the Chairperson has the authority to place less than 50% of the teams in the next round. This is especially applicable if an additional round would be required in order to comply with the 50% recall rule.
The Chairperson of Adjudicators has the right to disqualify teams infringing these rules.
24. Juvenile Costume Rules
24.1 Make Up.
Make Up applied to Juveniles should be natural and in good taste and appropriate to the age group.
24.2 Sponsorship Logos.
Three sponsor logos are permitted per couple but must not exceed a total of 40 square centimetres.
Only jewellery of a personal/religious nature maybe worn. This should be around the neck and inside the clothing.
25.1.1 Colour; Black or Dark Blue Only.
25.1.2 High Waist optional.
25.1.3 Underfoot Strap optional.
25.1.4 Satin side stripes are allowed.
25.2.1 Plain white or black long sleeved collared shirt only (no wing collars).
25.2.2 No pleats or ribbing.
25.2.3 Sleeves to be worn at wrist length.
25.2.4 Black or dark blue vests are allowed, but sweaters and jackets are not allowed.
25.2.5 Tie must be worn - black colour only, may be either straight or bow style.
25.2.6 Socks - Black or dark blue colour only.
25.2.7 Shoes- Heel height not to exceed 1.5 inches (must be black).
25.3.1 Fabrics must be plain. ie: cotton, polyester, cotton/polyester blend, wool blend. No satin or shiny fabrics.
25.3.2 No rhinestones, glitter, metallic thread, patterns or sequins allowed.
25.3.3 Decorations are not allowed.
26.1 Girls are permitted to wear.
26.1.1 A top with a simple skirt
26.1.2 A simple dress with an attached undergarment
26.1.3 leotard top with a skirt.
26.2.1 A plain or pleated skirt with a minimum of x1 to maximum of x3 half circles is allowed.
26.2.2 One plain, simple underskirt is allowed but this must be no fuller or longer than the top layer. The underskirts must be the same or of a similar colour to the top skirt.
26.2.3 No godets or extra panels may be inserted into the skirt.
26.2.4 No uneven hem lines, frills, splits, openings, lace, or sequins. Horsehair/Crinoline may be used as part of the construction but not as a trim.
26.2.5 Length of skirt must not be shorter than 3 inches above the knee cap and no longer than 3 inches below the knee cap.
26.2.6 A least one of the layers of the skirts must be a solid colour. (Not sheer.)
Boat, high neck, v-neck, sweetheart, 'peter pan' collar, and regular collar are allowed. Simple edging or trim, as well as a simple ruffle around the collar of not more than two inches, is allowed on the neckline.
Gathering or shirring is permissible from the waist down for a maximum of two inches, provided it is part of the dress itself and not an accessory.
26.5.1 Fabrics must be one constant colour throughout.
26.5.2 No rhinestones, glitter, metallic thread, pearls, patterns, sequins, or similar materials allowed.
26.5.3 No use of feathers, fringes, bows, belts, frills or sequins.
26.5.4 No flesh colour fabric.
26.5.5 Any use of colour coordinated 'see through' fabric must be lined from waist to shoulder; for use on arms no lining is needed.
Armbands, Neckbands and Gloves are not permitted.
26.7 Hair Decoration
Only a small flower maybe worn in the hair. Tiaras, headbands or diamond decoration on the hair are NOT permitted.
1. Heel height not to exceed 1.5 inches, and must be block heel style if a dance shoe. If the shoe comes with rhinestones on the buckle then they are allowed. If the shoe comes with glitter on the shoe then it is allowed.
26.9.1 White ankle socks (these may have a small amount of lace) Must be worn.
26.9.2 No Fishnet Tights.
Please see Appendix A.
27. Adjudicators Licence.
All adjudicators have to be licensed with the WDO to be able to adjudicate WDO events, Ranking events and World Championships. Please see Adjudicators Criteria below.
28. Adjudicators License Criteria
The Following two criteria MUST be met in order to apply for a
WDO Adjudicators License;
28.1 You must be over 18 years of age
28.2 You hold a valid qualification (in the style/s that you are applying for) from your National Organisation to adjudicate Championships.
28.3 A qualification with a WDO approved teaching society of Licentiate or above.
28.4 PLUS at least ONE of the following must be met;
28.4.1 Have been an Amateur or Professional British Open, WDO World, International or United Kingdom Open Quarter Finalist or above.
28.4.2 Have been a National Champion or Finalist.
28.4.3 Hold a letter of recommendation from an advisor or director within the WDO.
28.4.4 A CV demonstrating integrity, dance knowledge and recognition within the dance industry.
CVs need to be approved by WDO Adjudicators Committee.
29. Adjudicators Country Representation:
29.1 Adjudicators representing their Country must meet at least ONE of the following criteria.
29.1.1 By Birth or Naturalisation (Or the procedure recognised in that Country)
29.1.2 * By being a resident of that Country.
29.1.3 Have a parent or grandparent born in that Country
29.1.4 The Country you represented as a competitor for the last three years.
- *‘Residence’ means the place or location in which the adjudicator is registered with the relevant authorities as having their primary and permanent home and/or where they ordinarily live for at least 75% of the time, excluding trips away to adjudicate or work.29.2 Adjudicators can only adjudicate for ONE Country within one calendar year.
30. Selection of Adjudicators for World Championships.
30.1 The Organiser shall invite adjudicators based on their integrity, dance knowledge and recognition of these adjudicators in the dance industry:
30.2 Total of 11 adjudicators from at least 6 different countries with no more than 2 adjudicators from the same country shall be invited for WDO Amateur and Professional World Championships. The panel of adjudicators shall include:
30.2.1 At least 6 adjudicators who have been: a) British, World, International or United Kingdom champions or finalists. b) National champions or finalists.
30.2.2 A total of 9 adjudicators for the Juvenile, Junior, Youth, Senior, Student/Teacher, and Amateur/Professional World Championships, from at least 5 different countries with no more than 2 adjudicators from the same country shall be invited to WDO World Championships.
30.2.3 At least 5 adjudicators who have been:
a) British, World, International or United Kingdom champions or finalists.
b) National champions or finalists.
30.3 The balance between Female and Male adjudicators should be considered by the organiser.
30.4 No adjudicator shall be invited to judge the same World Championships two years in a row.
30.5 All Adjudicators for World Titles must be approved by the Adjudicators Committee of the WDO a minimum of 4 weeks before the event. Adjudicators must be published 1 week before the closing date of entries.
30.6 In case the organiser refuses to follow the rules of WDO regarding selection of the adjudicators panel, the WDO may cancel the organiser's right to run the WDO World Championships.
31. Professional Competitors Adjudicating.
31.1 Professional Competitors wishing to adjudicate WDO events must be licensed as adjudicators with the WDO.
31.2 Professional Competitors will be permitted to adjudicate WDO events and Ranking Competitions, but will not be permitted to adjudicate any World Championships or other Professional Competitors in any category.
31.2.1 The above does not apply for Professionals who only compete in Amateur/Professional categories. Professionals who compete in Amateur/Professional categories will not be permitted to adjudicate at the same event where they compete with their student/s.
32.1 Chairman of Adjudicators.
The Organiser shall invite the Chairman of adjudicators with the approval of the Adjudicators Committee. The Chairman must hold a scrutineering license. The scrutineer may not serve as a Chairman of adjudicators.
32.2 Chairman’s Report.
The Chairman of adjudicators should submit a report to the WDO according to the form provided by the WDO.
33.1 The WDO shall not unlawfully discriminate against Licensees on the grounds of age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex or sexual orientation (“the protected characteristics”).
33.2 A membership granted by the WDO to a Member under these Rules shall be subject to the condition that the Member shall not unlawfully discriminate against any other Member on the grounds of a protected characteristic.
33.3 In sub-paragraphs (a) and (b): i. “discriminate” has the same meaning as in Chapter 2 of Part 1 of the Equality Act 2010, and for the avoidance of doubt includes harassment and victimisation; and ii. each of the “protected characteristics” has the meaning given in Chapter 1 of Part 1 of the Equality Act 2010.
33.4 It is suggested the Chairman of Adjudicators reads out the following statement.
"The WDO has adopted a policy of equity which prohibits discrimination on the grounds of gender, marital status, race, colour, disability, sexuality, religion or political opinion."
33.5 When conducting the Adjudicator’s meeting before the commencement of competitions the Chairperson is required to remind all adjudicators to adhere to the adopted equity policy above and if needed, to remind the Adjudicators of the guidelines below.
33.6.1 An adjudicator is expected to adjudicate without fear or favour, assessing what they see on that day and not be influenced by any previous performance.
33.6.2 It is unprofessional to converse with another adjudicator or a member of the public whilst adjudicating. It is unwise to engage in conversation with competitors between rounds. Any of these actions could be unfairly interpreted as seeking to influence another adjudicator or coach a competitor.
33.6.3 It is their responsibility to hold a current membership and to be prepared to produce this membership to the Chairperson of the Panel before any competition.
33.6.4 An adjudicator who is not present for the first dance of any round, or arrives late on the floor, may not adjudicate the remainder of that round.
33.6.5 An adjudicator acting as Chairperson has the added responsibility of ensuring that all members of the Panel act in a proper manner and abide by the rules. It should also be remembered that the organiser or the Chairperson has the right to ask an adjudicator to step down if they consider that they are, for any reason, not performing their duties in a proper manner.
33.6.6 It is the responsibility of the adjudicator to fully understand how they should mark any competition and, if in doubt, to seek assistance from the organiser or the Chairperson.
33.6.7 Adjudicators are expected to be dressed in attire befitting the dignity of the occasion. Daytime attire should be smart, evening attire should be formal. Jeans or trainers are unacceptable.
33.6.8 It is the responsibility of both organisers and adjudicators to obtain contracts in writing.
33.6.9 The WDO considers that it is unprofessional and inappropriate for registered adjudicators, after having officiated at an event, then to comment on competitors’ performances on social media websites.
34. Skating System.
Skating System must be used to assess the marks.
35. Access to the Marks.
Only the Chairman of Adjudicators and Scrutineer shall have access to the marks until the end of the competition. After the competition the organiser has to submit the marks to the WDO Adjudicators Committee and Ranking List administrator and may publish marks on their website.
The Chairman must ask for at least 50% of the number of couples to be recalled in each round. If the number of couples that are actually recalled by the adjudicators would require an additional round, then the Chairman is allowed to recall less than 50% of the couples. If the Chairman asks for a 50% recall for a second round and the actual number is more than 50%, the Chairman may still call for a 50% recall of his original desired number of couples.
37. Ten Dance calculation of placing.
Ten Dance Championships are to be contested over single dances, with individual recalls and single dance final placings, points gained in semi-final or other rounds forming the basis of calculation of the position attained by couples not reaching the final round.
38. Final Round.
The Chairman must ask to recall 6 couples into the Final. Minimum 5 couples have to be recalled with the maximum of 8 couples in the event of the equal score into the final.
39. Ranking Event Adjudicators.
A Minimum of 9 Adjudicators with at least 3 countries represented is required for Ranking Events.
40. Formation Adjudication.
Possession of a WDO Adjudicators licence will allow the holder to adjudicate a WDO Formation Championship/Event. A Total of 9 adjudicators from at least 5 different countries with no more than 2 adjudicators from the same country shall be invited to adjudicate a WDO Formation World Championship.
41. Adjudicators and Immediate Family.
An adjudicator must not judge on any occasion when, their immediate family (1st cousin or closer) or any member of the same household is dancing in Events and Championships on that same day.
42. WDO Name & Logo.
WDO name and Logo can only be used with the approval of the WDO Committee.
43. Title Fees for WDO World Championships.
All fees are in GBP.
(Reduced to £1500 if Ballroom and Latin titles are organised by the same organiser.) Amateur/Professional: £2000.
(Reduced to £3000 if Ballroom and Latin titles are organised by the same organiser.)
43.1 10 Dance:
43.2 Formation: £2500 for All ages and Team categories.
(Juvenile, Junior, Adult, Teams of 4 or 6-8).
(Reduced to £400 if Ballroom and Latin titles are organised by the same organiser.)
Amateur: £200 (Reduced to £300 if Ballroom and Latin titles are organised by the same organiser.
44. Organiser Refunds.
No Fees will be refunded to any organiser if the event / championship is not organised unless a cancellation is caused by a ‘Force Majeure’
45. Adjudicators’ Fee.
Adjudicators must be paid a minimum of 250 GBP per day of judging.
46. Prize Money
Recommended Minimum Prize Money at Professional WDO Ballroom & Latin World Championships.
46.1 Recommended Minimum Prize Money at Professional WDO Ballroom & Latin World Championships.
A minimum of 6000 GBP or equivalent in local currencies for Professional finalists and semi finalists. The breakdown of the minimum Prize money for Professional Ballroom and Latin World Championship.
All in GBP
1st place 1,500
2nd place 1,125
3rd place 900
4th place 675
5th place 525
6th place 375.
7th to 12th Place 150.
46.2 Recommended Minimum Prize Money at Amateur WDO Ballroom & Latin World Championships.
A minimum of 4000 GBP or equivalent in local currencies for Amateur finalists and semi finalists. The breakdown of the minimum Prize money for Amateur Ballroom and Latin World Championships.
All in GBP
1st place 1000
2nd place 750
3rd place 600
4th place 450
5th place 350
6th place 250
7th to 12th place 100
46.3 Recommended Minimum Prize Money at Youth U21 WDO Ballroom & Latin World Championships.
A minimum of 2000 GBP or equivalent in local currencies for Youth U21 WDO Ballroom & Latin World Championships. The breakdown of the minimum Prize money for Youth U21 Ballroom and Latin World Championships.
All in GBP
1st place 700
2nd place 450
3rd place 350
4th place 250
5th place 150
6th place 100
46.4 Additional Prize Money
The Organiser can award prize money to other age categories with a prior approval of the WDO Committee.
47. Recommended Competitors' Entry Fees.
Juveniles – up to 60 GBP or local currency equivalent per couple.
Juniors – up to 70 GBP or local currency equivalent per couple.
Youth – up to 80 GBP or local currency equivalent per couple.
Amateur – up to 90 GBP or local currency equivalent per couple.
Professional- Up to GBP 90 or local currency equivalent per couple.
Senior – up to 90 GBP or local currency equivalent per couple.
Student/Teacher- Single Dance 30 GBP to 50 GBP / Multi Dance 100 GBP to 200 GBP or local currency equivalent per couple.
Amateur/Professional- Single Dance 30 GBP to 50GBP / Multi Dance 100 GBP to 200 GBP or local currency equivalent per couple.
47.1 Student/Teacher, Amateur/Professional
Dancing in 4 Single dance events is required for every Student/Teacher and Amateur/ Professional World Championship Event.
The Organiser shall draw up a timetable and make it available to all competitors prior to the competition. The organiser is responsible for adhering to the timetable accurately. The first round of the championships shall not start ahead of the scheduled time. Organisers are not required to delay the program for the benefit of latecomers.
Ballroom and Latin rounds in all Ballroom Championships and Latin Championships, the five dances shall be performed without interruption.
50. Breaks between Rounds in Ballroom and Latin Championships.
During all Ballroom and Latin Championships there must be a minimum of 20 minutes break between each round. From the Quarter final round onwards there's to be a minimum of 30 minutes break.
51. Ten Dance Rounds.
Ten Dance Championships, there must not be more than four rounds in each section, in one day. Each round must be completed in all ten dances.
52. Ten Dance – Breaks.
There shall be a break of at least forty minutes between the two sections, and at least twenty minutes between the rounds.
53. Ten Dance: Order of sections.
In Ten Dance Championships, the final round should end with Latin. Each round should begin with the same style that the previous round ended with. It is permissible to run all rounds of Ballroom till the final followed by all rounds of Latin till the final.
54. RANKING EVENTS
54.1 Ranking Events included to be organised:
54.2 Fees for WDO Ranking Events.
Amateur, Professionals. All Ranking Events were to be a flat rate of 400.00 GBP for all categories.
54.2.1 Organisers must be registered with the WDO.
54.3 A maximum of 10 events per country. (Please see Ranking System below).
55. WDO Ranking System
55.1 Dance couples receive Ranking points for each participation in the World Championships and Ranking Competitions.
55.2 Points are rewarded for World Championships and Ranking Competitions according to the table of points.
55.3 Points received are totalled.
55.4 WDO Ranking system has 4 categories: Amateur Ballroom & Latin, Professional Ballroom & Latin.
55.5 Points are collected separately for each category.
56. WDO Ranking System Protocol Rules
56.1 Ranking System Protocol is available for download from the official WDO website.
56.2 Results of the event have to be filled in the Ranking System Protocol immediately after the completion of the competition and sent to the ranking administrator within 24 hours.
56.2.1 Ranking System Protocol is filled in English.
56.2.2 Places of couples are filled in the table as whole numbers without any additional symbols or spaces.
56.2.3 When couples tie for the same result, the points of their higher placing is awarded to each tied couple.
56.2.4 Ranking Protocol System must be checked before submitting any obvious mistakes (for example; same couple cannot be listed in the final and in the lower rounds of the competition).
56.2.5 If translation is necessary, the names of the dancers and countries are translated into English according to the international rules of transliteration.
56.2.6 No other language’s letters, beside Latin, or hieroglyphs can be filled in the Rating System Protocol.
56.2.7 The names of the dancers are filled in the format of Last Name first, followed by First Name.
56.3 It’s not allowed to change the structure and version of the Ranking System Protocol Excel file.
56.3.1 Completed protocols are sent to the WDO Secretary.
56.3.2 Ranking administrator has the right not to accept the protocols completed incorrectly for calculation (based on the points listed above).
56.4 The Ranking administrator can help in filling the protocols for the additional fee of 45 GBP (for all ranking categories held in event). The information has to be sent in Editable format such as Excel or similar. Screen or page photos, pdf and other difficult to edit formats will not be accepted.
56.5 All questions on filling the protocols and ranking calculation system are sent to the WDO secretary.
57. Award Ceremonies for World Championships.
57.1 Organisers must ensure that the presentation of awards is done in an appropriate manner for WDO World Championships.
57.2 National Anthem of the winners of the championships must be played.
57.3 Trophy for the Champions must be awarded. Design of the trophy has to be approved by the WDO Committee.
57.4 Medals for top 3 placed couples must be awarded. Design of the medals has to be approved by the WDO Committee.
57.5 Diplomas or certificates of placement to all finalists with official signature or stamp should be awarded.
57.6 Award Ceremonies for Juvenile and Juniors should be completed before 10pm.
58.1 Event organisers must have liability insurance when hosting any World Championship, WDO Ranking Competition/s or any WDO Event/s.
58.2 The organiser must submit proof of insurance to the WDO at least four weeks before their event.
59. First Aid.
First Aid personnel shall be in attendance at all competitions.
60. TV / Video rights.
WDO Advise that organisers use this disclaimer on the entry form:
‘In the event of television coverage or production of a video recording for commercial purposes of any competition or Championship event, all competitors agree that the rights to any fees from such television or video recording will vest solely with the Organiser and no Competitors or Associations shall have any claim against the WDO, organiser, television company or video producer at any such event.’
1. Closed changes
2. Natural turn
3. Reverse turn
4. Natural spin turn
6. Chasse from PP
7. Closed impetus
8. Hesitation change
9. Outside change
10. Reverse Corte
11. Back whisk
12. Basic weave
13. Double reverse spin
14. Reverse pivot
15. Backward lock
16. Progressive Chasse to R
17. Weave from PP
18. Closed telemark
19. Open telemark and cross hesitation
20. Open telemark and wing
21. Open impetus and cross hesitation
22. Open impetus and wing
23. Outside spin
24. Turning lock
25. Drag Hesitation
26. Passing (Open ) Natural turn
27. Quick Wing
28. Closed wing
29. Turning lock to right
30. Fallaway reverse and slip pivot
31. Hover Corte
32. Fallaway whisk
33. Left whisk
2. Progressive side step
3. Progressive link
4. Closed promenade
5. Rock turn
6. Open reverse turn
7. Back Corte
8. Open reverse turn, lady in line
9. Progressive side step reverse turn
10. Open promenade
11. Rock back on L.F. and R.F.
12. Natural twist turn
13. Natural promenade turn
14. Promenade link
15. Four step
16. Fallaway promenade
17. Back open promenade
18. Outside swivels
19. Reverse outside swivel
20. Four step change
21. Brush tap
22. Basic reverse turn
23. Mini five step
24. Open telemark
25. Back whisk
26. Passing (Open ) natural turn
27. Fallaway four step
28. The chase
29. Fallaway reverse and slip pivot
30. Five step
31. Reverse Pivot
32. Outside Spin
SLOW FOXTROT (PENDING A WRITTEN RESOLUTION)
1. Feather Step
2. Three Step
3. Natural Turn
4. Reverse Turn incorporating Feather Finish
5. Closed Impetus and Feather Finish
6. Impetus Turn
7. Natural Weave
8.Change of Direction
9. Basic Weave
10. Weave after 1-4 Reverse Wave
11. Reverse Wave
12. Closed Telemark - Telemark
13. Open Telemark, Feather Ending
14. Top Spin - Top Spin after Feather Finish (all alignments)
15. Hover Feather
16. Hover Telemark
17. Natural Telemark
18. Hover Cross
19. Open Telemark, Natural Turn, Outside Swivel, Feather Ending
20. Open Impetus Turn
21. Weave from PP
22. Natural Twist Turn
23. Reverse Pivot
24. Quick Open Reverse
25. Quick Natural Weave from PP
26. Curved Feather to Back Feather
27. Curved Feather
28. Back Feather
29. Curved Feather from PP
30. Natural Zig-zag from PP
31. Fallaway Reverse & Slip Pivot
32. Natural Hover Telemark
33. Bounce Fallaway with Weave ending
34. Extended Reverse Wave
35. Curved Three Step
Gold 1~ 35
1. Quarter turn to R
2. Natural turn
3. Natural turn with hesitation
4. Natural pivot turn
5. Natural spin turn
6. Progressive chasse
7. Chasse reverse turn
8. Forward lock step
9. Backward lock step
10. Closed impetus
11. Reverse pivot
12. Progressive chasse to R
13. Tipple chasse to R
14. Running finish
15. Natural turn and back lock
16. Double reverse spin
17. Quick open reverse
19. Running right turn
20. Four quick run
22. Closed telemark
23. Open impetus
24. Outside spin
25. Passing (Open ) Natural turn
26. Curved feather
27. Cross swivel
28. Six quick run
29. Rumba cross
30. Tipsy to R and L
31. Hover Corte
32. Quarter turn to left
33. Change of direction
34. Cross chasse
35. Outside change
36. Tipple chasse to left
37. Zig Zag, back lock and running finish
CHA CHA CHA
1. Basic movements (closed, open and in place)
2. New York (to left or right side position)
3. Spot turns to left or right (including switch turns and underarm turns)
4. Shoulder to shoulder (left side and right side).
5. Hand to hand (to right or left side)
8. Hockey stick
9. Time steps
10. Three cha cha chas
11. Side steps (to left or right)
12. There and back
13. Natural top
14. Natural opening out movement
15. Closed hip twist
16. Open hip twist
17. Reverse top
18. Opening out from reverse top
19. Aida –
20. Spiral turns (spiral, curl and rope spinning)
21. Cross basic
22. Cuban breaks (including split)
24. Advanced hip twist
25. Hip twist spiral
26. Turkish towel
28. Follow my leader
29. Foot changes
30. Runaway chasse
31. Syncopated open hip twist
32. Close and open hip twist spirals
1. Basic movements (natural, reverse and progressive)
2. Whisks (also with lady’s underarm turns)
3. Samba walks
4. Rhythm bounce
5. Volta movements
6. Traveling bota fogos forward
7. Criss cross bota fogos (shadow Bota fogos)
8. Traveling bota fogos back
9. Bota fogos to promenade and counter promenade
10. Criss cross volta
11. Solo spot volta
12. Foot changes
13. Shadow traveling volta
14. Reverse turn
15. Corta Jaca
16. Closed rocks
17. Open rocks
18. Back rocks
20. Rolling of the arms
21. Argentine crosses
23. Shadow circular volta
24. Samba side chasses
25. Contra boto fogos
27. Natural roll
28. Reverse roll
29. Promenade and counter promenade
30. Three step turn
31. Samba locks
32. Cruzados walks and locks
34. Dropped Volta
1. Basic movements (closed, open, in place and alternative)
2. New York (to left or right side position)
3. Spot turns to left or right (including lio switch turns and underarm turns)
4. Hand to hand (to right or left side position)
7. Hockey stick
8. Shoulder to shoulder (left side and right side)
9. Opening out to right and left
10. Cucarachas (LF and RF)
11. Progressive walks forward and backward)
12. Side steps (to left or right)
13. Cuban rocks
14. Natural top
15. Natural opening out movement
16. Closed hip twist
17. Open hip twist
18. Reverse top
19. Opening out from reverse top
21. Spiral turns (spiral, curl and rope spinning)
22. Syncopated cuban rocks
23. Sliding doors
25. Three threes
26. Three Alemanas
27. Hip twists (Advanced, continuous and circular)
28. Runaway Alemana
29. Syncopated Open Hip Twist
PASO DOBLE (PENDING A WRITTEN RESOLUTION)
1.Basic Movement – March – Sur Place
2.Chasses to R & L – including Elevations
4.Deplacement – (Attack)
5.Promenade Link – including Promenade Close
12.Fallaway Ending to Separation
14.Promenade & Counter Promenade
16.Alternative Entries to PP
22.Coup de Pique
23.Coup de Pique – changing from LF to RF - from RF to LF - syncopated
28.Methods of Changing Feet
29.Travelling Spins from PP
30.Travelling Spins from CPP
31.Fregolina – including the Farol
33.Chasse Cape – including Outside Turn
Beginner 1~ 9
1. Basic in place
2. Fallaway rock
3. Fallaway throwaway
4. Link (with alternatives to 1-2 of link:
4a. Flick (or point), ball change.
4b. Hesitation, ball change.
4c. Hesitation, close, forward.
4d. Hesitation, half close, forward.
5. Change of places right to left
6. Change of places left to right
7. Change of hands behind back
8. Hip bumps (left shoulder shove)
9. American spin
10. Stop and go
14. Whip throwaway
15. Reverse whip
17. Spanish arms
18. Rolling of the arms
19. Simple spin
20. Miami special
21. Chicken walks
BRONZE AMERICAN WALTZ
1A. Box Step
1B. Box Step with Underarm Turn
3A. Left Turning Box
3B. Right Turning Box
4A. Balance Steps
4B. Balance and Box
5. Simple Twinkle
6. Two Way Underarm Turn
7. Face to Face - Back to Back
8A. Reverse Turn
8B. Reverse Turn with Underarm Turn
9A. Natural Turn
9B. Natural Turn with Underarm Turn
10. Progressive Twinkles
11. Turning Twinkles
13. Promenade Chassé
14. Twinkle & Weave*
Bonus Figure: Fallaway & Box
Bonus Figure: Open Break with Underarm Turn
SILVER AMERICAN WALTZ
1A. Open Left Box
1B. Open Left Box with Underarm Turn
2. Open Right Turn
3. Open Right Turn with Syncopated Underarm Turn
4. Twinkle Connection
5. Check & Develope'
6. Flip Flops
7. Progressive Twinkles
8A. Hairpin from Open Left Box
8B. Hairpin from Promenade Position
9. Fallaway & Weave
10. Progressive Shadow Twinkles
12. Check to Open Fallaway
13. Alternating Underarm Combination
14. Pivots from Promenade
15. Shadow Right Turns
Bonus Figure: Grapevine to Shadow
GOLD AMERICAN WALTZ
1. Shadow Switching Spirals
2. Hinge to Shadow
3. Shadow Running Telemark
4. Syncopated Pivots
5. Left Side Grapevine & Spiral
6. Contra Check & Ronde
7A. Standing Spin
7B. Standing Spin Alternative Ending
8. Wrap Around & Hairpin
9. Overturned Shadow Right Turns
10. Develope' & Double Ronde
BRONZE AMERICAN TANGO
1A. Basic Straight
1B. Basic Curving
2A. Promenade Turning Left
2B. Promenade Turning Right
3. Single Corte'
4. Progressive Rocks
5A. Open Fan
5B. Open Fan with Underarm Turn
6. Running Steps
7. Double Corte'
8A. Reverse Turn
8B. Reverse Turn with Outside Swivel
9. Right Side Fans
10. Contra Rocks
11A. Change of Places
11B. Change of Places Variation
12. Twist Turn to Right
13. Reverse Turn with Underarm Turn
14. Promenade Pivot
15. Shadow Rocks
Bonus Figure: Checked Promenade
Bonus Figure: Continuous Left Rock Turn
SILVER AMERICAN TANGO
2. Oversway & Ronde
4. Fallaway Ronde
5. Change of Place (Silver Level)
6. Spanish Drag
7. Outside Underarm Turn to Shadow Position
8. Shadow Envelope's
9. Swivel Fans
10. Fallaway Whisk & Underarm Turn
11. Handshake Back Fans
12. Cobra Fans
13. Fallaway Slip Pivot
14. Traveling Right Lunges
15. Shadow Reverse & Drag
Bonus Figure: Double Ronde & Curl
GOLD AMERICAN TANGO
1. Double Ronde to Shadow
2. Shadow Viennese Crosses
3. Promenade Taps & Right Side Curl
4. Fallaway to Hammerlocks
5. Left Side Check
6. Pivots to Shadow Switches
7. Shadow Corte' & Fallaway
8. Stalks to Skater's Walks
9. Oblique Line to Waist Wrap
10. Teleronde & Throwaway OverSway
BRONZE AMERICAN FOXTROT
3A. Rock Turn to Left (Left Rock Turn)
3B. Rock Turn to Right (Right Rock Turn)
4. Sway Step
5A. Sway Underarm Turn
5B. Promenade Underarm Turn
6A. Zig Zag in Line
6B. Zig Zag Outside Partner
7. Box Step
9. Promenade Twinkles
10A. Turning Twinkles to Outside Partner
10B. Turning Twinkles to Outside Partner with Underarm Turn
12. Promenade Twist
13. Promenade Pivot
14A. Running Steps in Basic Rhythm
14B. Running Steps in Box Rhythm
15. Twinkle & Weave with Grapevine
Bonus Figure: Fallaway Twinkles
SILVER AMERICAN FOXTROT
- Open Left Box
- Open Right Turn
4. Weave from Promenade
5. Chair & Slip Pivot
6. Hover Corte'
7A. Hairpin from Open Left Box
7B. Hairpin from Promenade Position
8. Fallaway & Weave
9A. Same Foot Lunge
9B. Same Foot Lunge with Weave Ending
10. Shadow Points
11. Outside Swivel
12. Check to Open Grapevine
13. Shadow from Hairpin & Open Right
14. Pivot from Promenade
Bonus Figure: Curved Running Steps & Ronde
GOLD AMERICAN FOXTROT
1. Left Side Grapevines & Weave
2. Continuous Hairpins
3. Passing Changes
4. Hinge & Free Spin to Shadow
5. Shadow Switching Grapevine
6. Advanced Gem
7. Lock & Lunge
8. OverSway & Ronde to Shadow
9. Whisk & Weave
10. Shadow Hairpins
BRONZE AMERICAN VIENNESE WALTZ
1. Balance Steps
2A. Fifth Position Breaks
2B. Fifth Position Breaks with Underarm Turn
3. Left Turn (Reverse Turn)
4. Closed Twinkle
5A. Cross Body Lead
5B. Cross Body Lead with Underarm Turn
6. Hand to Hand
7A. Forward Progressive Changes
7B. Backward Progressive Changes
8. Right Turn
9. Change of Place
10. Curtsey and Bow
Bonus Figure: 1) Curtsey and Bow Variation
Bonus Figure: 2) Underarm Turns Right and Left
Bonus Figure: 3a) Hesitation Options: Cross Body Lead with Underarm Turn
Bonus Figure: 3b) Hesitation Options: Hand to Hand
Bonus Figure: 3c) Hesitation Options: Swivel & Side Hesitation
Bonus Figure: 3d) Hesitation Options: Swivel & Hesitation
Bonus Figure: 3e) Hesitation Options: Change of Place with Man’s Hesitation
Bonus Figure: 4a) Change of Place Options: Man's Chasse'
Bonus Figure: 4b) Change of Places Options: Chasse' with Same Hand Hold
Bonus Figure: 4c) Change of Place Options: With Inside Underarm Turn
Bonus Figure: 4d) Change of Place Options: 1/2 Turn in Place
SILVER AMERICAN VIENNESE WALTZ
1. Right Turn with Underarm Turn
2. Left Turn with Underarm Turn
4. Turning Open Breaks
5. Shadow Runs
6. Reverse Underarm Turn
7. Advanced Hand to Hand Combination
8. Shadow Right Turns
9. Standing Spins
10. Open Right Turns
Bonus Figure: Flip Flops
GOLD AMERICAN VIENNESE WALTZ
1. Swivel & Ronde
2. Canter Pivots
3. Reverse Turns with Free Spins
4. Shadow Passing Right Turns
5. Right Side Ronde & Develope'
6. Shadow Canter Grapevines
7. Horse & Cart
8. Barrel Turns
9. Roll In & Out
10. Advanced Standing Spin
BRONZE AMERICAN CHA CHA
1. Basic in Place
2. Side Basic
3. Progressive Basic
4. Outside Partner Breaks
5. Crossover Break
6. Cross Body Lead
7. Open Break Underarm Turn
8. Chase Turn
9. Shoulder Check
10. Shadow Positions
12. Alternating Underarm Turns
13. Cross Body Pullback
14. Three Cha Chas
15. Crossover Flick to Side Break
SILVER AMERICAN CHA CHA
- Cross-Over Flick Combination
- Back Spot Turn with Inside Turn
- Pullback Grapevine
4. Cross Body Lead and Syncopated Chassé
5. Cuban Breaks & Swivels
6. Open Turn and Wrap
7. Cross Over Twist & Kick
8. Left and Right Syncopation
9. Across the Back with Walk Around Turn
10. Syncopated Cross-Over Variation
GOLD AMERICAN CHA CHA
1. Open Box and Inside Turn
2. Cuban Breaks with Alternating Turns
3. Syncopated Crossovers and Swivels
4. Ladies Walk Around to Shadow Position
5. Crossover Grapevine & Promenade Run
6. Forward Run, Kick and Check
7. Crossover Spiral & Swivels
8. Change of Directions
9. Open Turn and 3 Cha’s
10. Fifth position Left & Right
BRONZE AMERICAN RUMBA
1. Side Basic
2. Fifth Position Breaks
3. Box Step
4. Crossbody Lead
5. Outside Partner Breaks
6. Slow Underarm Turn
7. Open Break Underarm Turn
8. Crossover Break
9. Crossover & Side Rocks
10. Open Rumba Walks
11. Shoulder Check
12. Cradle Circle
13. Quick Underarm Turn & Loop
14. Open Circular Walks
15. Spot Turn Combination
SILVER AMERICAN RUMBA
1. Alternating Underarm Turns
2. Open Swivel Walks with Spot Turn
3. Cucaracha with In & Out Turns
4. Quick Underarm Turn and Rocks
5. Skater’s Position to Face Loop
6. Spiral Swivels
7. Shadow Variations
8. Back Swivels and Cradle
9. Open Rumba Walks With Syncopated Turn
10. Traveling Swivels
GOLD AMERICAN RUMBA
1. Telemark & Overturned Back Break
2. Outside Turns to Rocks
3. Spiral & Shadow Positions
4. Snap Underarm Turn with Reverse Pivot
5. Men’s Walk Around
6. Cuddle & Syncopated Outside Turn
7. Pivots & Swivels
8. Shadow Cucaracha & Alternating Slip Pivots
9. Overturned Fifth Positions
10. Overturned Back Break & Slow Turn
BRONZE AMERICAN SWING
2. Basic Turning to the Right
3. Basic Turning to the Left
5. (Inside) Underarm Turn
6. Underarm Release from Basic
7. Tuck - Ins: A) from Handshake, B)Free Spin from Double Handhold, C) Underarm from Double Handhold
8. Alternating Underarm Turns
9. Shoulder Check
11. Cradle to Hammer Lock
12. Sugar Push Throw Out
13. Double Face Loop
14. Opposition Break & Roll Out
SILVER AMERICAN SWING
1. Wrist Spin
2. Face Loop & Pivot
3. Alternating Hammerlock
4. Man’s Wrap & Swivels
6. Side to Side & Running Step
7. Boogie Walks
8. Syncopated In & Out
9. Side by Side Turns
10. Cradle & Kicks
GOLD AMERICAN SWING
1. Double Turns to Point Steps
2. Swivels to Progressive Triples
3. Rotating Swivels and Opposition Break
4. Grapevine With Kick Ball Changes
5. He Goes, She Goes, They Go
6. Hip Pull Backs and Continuous Chassés
7. Pivots to Running Triples
8. Rolling Off The Arm Variation
9. Quick Turn to Stop & Go
10. Simple Spin & Sailor Shuffles
BRONZE AMERICAN BOLERO
1A. Basic Movement
1B. Turning Basic
2. Open Break and Underarm Turn
3. Underarm Pass
4. Left Side Pass
5. Crossover Break
6. Check and Circular Walks
7. Romantic Sways
8. Check Underarm Pass
9. Spot Turn Combination
10. Hip Twist and Spin
SILVER AMERICAN BOLERO
1. Open Check
2. Open Cross Body Lead with Syncopated Turns
3. Rondé & Shadow Swivels
4. Curl & Double Leg Rondé
5. Right Side Swivels & Rondé
6. Face Loop & Sway
7. Walks & Grapevine
8. Cradle & Man’s Arm Bar
9. Cross-Over Swivels
10. Slow Spiral & Back Swivels
GOLD AMERICAN BOLERO
1. Rondé Fallaway & Ladies Back Drop
2. Leg Wrap & Drop
3. Slow Spiral & Sway
4. Rondé, Crossover & Spiral
5. Hammerlock & Alternating Spirals
6. Shadow Position & Telemark
7. Swivels Behind Man’s Back
8. Lunge to Shadow Position
9. Ladies Head Roll with Crossover
10. Hammerlock to Shoulder Check
BRONZE AMERICAN MAMBO
1. Forward & Back Basic
2. Side Breaks
3. Side Breaks & Cross
4. Cross Body Lead
5. Open Break Underarm Turn
6. Crossover Break & Walk Around Turn
7. Shoulder Check
8. Promenade Swivel & Close
9. Alternating Underarm Turns
10. Rueda Basic
11. Cross Body Lead With Inside Turn
12. Back Spot Turn
13. Mambo Twist
14. Forward Spot Turn to Surprise
15. Crossover Swivels & Pullback
SILVER AMERICAN MAMBO
1. Cross Body Lead Variations for Man & Lady: A) Man Flick, B) Man Check, C) Lady Roll, D) Lady Cross & Twist, E) Lady Knee Lift
3. Underarm Turn & Swivels
4. Bobby's Break
5. Continuous Cross Body Lead with Breaks
6. Behind the Back Pass with Bobby’s Ending
7. Mambo Wrap
8. Double Face Loop
9. Flick & Kick
10. Hammerlock & Swivels
GOLD AMERICAN MAMBO
1. Double Hand Hold Turns
2. Alternating Turns with Pullback
3. Reverse Shadow Position
4. Rondé with Lady Back Bend
5. Swivel to Bobby’s Break
6. Open Box with Turns
7. Walk Around Swivels
8. Around the Back to Crossover
9. Right to Right Hand Hold with Turns
10. Side Breaks With Outside Turn